1. A scientific study of form and structure, usually without regard to function. Especially:
- (Linguistics) The study of the internal structure of morphemes (words and their semantic building blocks).(wiktionary.org)
- (Biology) The study of the form and structure of animals and plants (wiktionary.org); the biological study of the form and structure of living things. (biology-online.org)
- (Geology) The study of the structure of rocks and landforms (wiktionary.org).
Note: Morphology may be regarded as a branch of biology that deals with both the external and internal structures of the organisms. Thus, it may be divided into two distinct branches: the anatomy and the eidonomy. (biology-online.org
2. The form and structure of something. (wiktionary.org)
3. A description of the form and structure of something. (wiktionary.org)
Word origin: morpho, from comb. form of Greek morphe “form, shape; beauty, outward appearance” + -logy from Greek -logia (often via French –logie or Medieval Latin –logia), from root of legein “to speak;” thus, “the character or deportment of one who speaks or treats of (a certain subject).