Noun, pl. palates
1. In vertebrate anatomy, the roof of the mouth, separating the oral and nasal cavities. It consists of an anterior hard palate of bone and, in mammals, a posterior soft palate that has no skeletal support and terminates in a fleshy, elongated projection called the uvula. (global.britannica.com)
2. A person’s appreciation of taste and flavor. (Google Dictionary)
3. (figuratively) relish; taste; liking (from the mistaken notion that the palate is the organ of taste). (wiktionary.org)
4. (figuratively) Mental relish; intellectual taste. (wiktionary.org)
5. (Botany) A projection in the throat of such flowers as the snapdragon. (wiktionary.org)
Word Origin: from Old French palat and directly from Latin palatum “roof of the mouth,” perhaps of Etruscan origin. Popularly considered the seat of taste, hence transferred meaning “sense of taste” (late 14c.), which also was in classical Latin.