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Archives: Dictionary

Bioinformatics

Noun (used with singular verb) 1. Information technology as applied to the life sciences, especially the technology used for the collection, storage, and retrieval of genomic data (biology-online.org) 2. The use of computer science, mathematics, and information theory to model and analyze biological systems, especially systems involving genetic material. (The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. ) 3. A branch of biological science which deals with the study of methods for storing, retrieving and analyzing biological data, such as nucleic acid (DNA/RNA) and protein sequence, structure, function, pathways (neural pathways included) and genetic interactions....

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Biology

/bīˈäləjē/ Noun 1. The study of living organisms, divided into many specialized fields. (wikipedia.com) 2. The plants and animals of a particular area. (wikipedia.com) 3. The science of life and of living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution. It includes botany and zoology and all their subdivisions (Aquarena Wetlands Project Glossary of Terms, http://www.bio.txstate.edu/~wetlands/Glossary/glossary.html) 4. The characteristic life processes and phenomena of organisms, e.g. the biology of viruses (biology-online.org) Word origin: from the Greek word βίος, bios (life) and the suffix -λογία, –logia (study...

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Biomathematics

Noun 1. An interdisciplinary field of academic study which aims at modelling natural, biological processes using mathematical techniques and tools. It has both practical and theoretical applications in biological research. (biology-online.org) 2. An interdisciplinary scientific research field with a range of applications in biology, biotechnology, and medicine. (Mathematical and Theoretical Biology: A European Perspective) Syn: Mathematical biology (stress is on mathematical side), theoretical biology (stress is on the biological side) Word origin: bio +...

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Biome

/ˈbīˌōm/ Noun, pl. biomes 1. A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat. (Google Dictionary) 2. Climatically and geographically defined as similar climatic conditions on the Earth, such as communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms,[1] and are often referred to as ecosystems. (wikipedia.org) 3. Any major regional biological community such as that of forest or desert. (wiktionary.org) 4. A major ecological community of organisms adapted to a particular climatic or environmental condition on a large geographic area in which they occur. (biology-online.org) Word origin: bi: variant of bio-, esp. before a vowel + -ome: New Latin -ōma,...

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Biomedical research

Noun 1. Basic research, applied research, or translational research conducted to aid and support the body of knowledge in the field of medicine. (Wikipedia.com) 2. The study of the human body in health and disease. (Dictionary.com) 3. Pertaining to those aspects of the natural sciences, especially the biologic and physiologic sciences, that relate to or underlie medicine. (biology-online.org) 4. Biological and medical, i.e., encompassing both the science(s) and the art of medicine. (biology-online.org) Syn: experimental medicine, medical...

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