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Host


Noun

1. Organism harboring another organism on or in itself (wikipedia.org); a cell or organism which harbors another organism or biological entity, usually a parasite. (wiktionary.org)

3. (Genetics) An organism bearing certain genetic material. (wiktionary.org)

4. An animal or plant on or in which a parasite or commensal organism lives. (Google Dictionary)

5. An area in which particular living things are found. (Google Dictionary)

6. A living cell in which a virus multiplies. (Google Dictionary)

7. A person whose immune system has been invaded by a pathogenic organism. (Google Dictionary)

8. A person or animal that has received transplanted tissue or a transplanted organ. (Google Dictionary)

9. An animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite; it does not benefit and is often harmed by the association) (wordnetweb.princeton.edu)

10. (Medicine) Recipient of transplanted tissue or organ from a donor). (wordnetweb.princeton.edu)

Word origin: From Old French hoste “guest, host, hostess, landlord” (12c., Modern French hôte), from Latin hospitem (nominative hospes) “guest, host,” literally “lord of strangers,” from PIE *ghostis- “stranger” (cf. Old Church Slavonic gosti “guest, friend,” gospodi “lord, master”).


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