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Paleontology

/ˌpālēˌənˈtäləjē/ Noun 1. Scientific study of life of the geologic past that involves the analysis of plant and animal fossils, including those of microscopic size, preserved in rocks. It is concerned with all aspects of the biology of ancient life forms: their shape and structure, evolutionary patterns, taxonomic relationships with each other and with modern living species, geographic distribution, and interrelationships with the environment. (global.britannica.com) 2. The scientific study of prehistoric life. It includes the study of fossils to determine organisms’ evolution and interactions with each other and their environments (their paleoecology). As a “historical science” it attempts to explain causes rather than conduct experiments to observe effects. (wikipedia.org) 3. The study of fossil organisms and other related remains. (biology-online.org) 4. A science dealing with the life of past geological periods as known from fossil remains. (merriam-webster.com) Syn: fossilology Also spelled as: palaeontology Word origin: From Greek palaios “old, ancient” + onto, “being” + logie,...

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Pallium

Noun, pl. pallia or palliums 1. (Zoology) The mantle of a mollusc (wiktionary.org); the mantle of a bird (merriam-webster.com); a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell) (wordnetweb.princeton.edu). 2. (Meteorology) A sheet of cloud covering the whole sky, especially nimbostratus. (wiktionary.org) 3. (Anatomy) The cerebral cortex (wiktionary.org); the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum) (wordnetweb.princeton.edu). 4. A large, square, woolen cloak which enveloped the whole person, worn by the Greeks and by certain Romans. It is the Roman name of a Greek garment (biology-online.org); a draped rectangular cloth worn as a cloak by men of ancient Greece and Rome(merriam-webster.com). A white woolen band with pendants in front and back worn over the chasuble by a pope or archbishop as a symbol of full episcopal authority...

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Palpate

Verb 1. To examine, or otherwise explore, (usually an area or organ of the human body) by feeling it. (wiktionary.org) 2. To examine by touch especially medically (merriam-webster.com). Word origin: A back-formation from palpation, or else from Latin palpatus, past participle of palpare “to...

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