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/ˈōv(ə)rē/ Noun, pl. ovaries The organ in female mammals and types of plant that is responsible for the production of female gametes and also responsible for the secretion of some sex hormones like estrogen. ( (Anatomy) 1. A female reproductive organ, often paired, that produces ova and in mammals secretes the hormones estrogen and progesterone. ( 2. One of two small oval bodies situated on either side of the uterus on the posterior surface of the broad ligament. One of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone. ( 3. The structures in which the ova (eggs) are developed and released during ovulation. ( (Botany) 1. The lower part of a pistil or carpel that bears ovules and ripens into fruit. ( 2. The organ that bears the ovules of a flower. ( 3. The enlarged rounded usually basal portion of the pistil or gynoecium of an angiospermous plant that bears the ovules and consists of one or more carpels. ( Word origin: From Modern Latin ovarium “ovary”, from Medieval Latin ovaria “the ovary of a bird”, from Latin ovum...

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