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/ˈn(y)o͝orəl/ Adjective 1. (Biology) Of, or relating to the nerves, neurons or the nervous system. ( 2. (Computing) Modelled on the arrangement of neurons in the brain. ( 3. Situated in the region of the spinal axis, as the neutral arch. ( Word origin: From Greek neuron...

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/noo r-oh-bahy-ol-uh-jee/, /nyoo r-/ Noun 1. Branch of biology that deals with the study of the nervous system, including anatomy, physiology and pathology. ( 2. The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of neurons and the Nervous System. ( 3. The scientific study of nerve and brain function in people and animals. ( * The term neurobiology is usually used interchangeably with the term neuroscience, although the former refers specifically to the biology of the nervous system, whereas the latter refers to the entire science of the nervous system. ( adj., neurobiological /noo r-oh-bahy-uh-loj-i-kuh l/ adv., neurobiologically noun, neurobiologist Word origin: neuro + bio +...

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Noun, pl. neuroglia 1. Sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system. ( 2. Any of the cells that hold nerve cells in place and help them work the way they should. The types of neuroglia include oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, microglia, and ependymal cells. Syn: Glial cell. Word origin: from Greek neuro-, comb. form of neuron “nerve,” originally “sinew, tendon, cord, bowstring,” also “strength, vigor” + Late Greek glia...

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/ˌn(y)o͝orōhīˈpäfəsis/ Noun, pl. Neurohypophyses 1. Comprises the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland and is part of the endocrine system. Despite its name, the posterior pituitary gland is not a gland, per se; rather, it is largely a collection of axonal projections from the hypothalamus that terminate behind the anterior pituitary gland. It is where neurohypophysial hormones are stored and released. ( 2. (Anatomy) The posterior lobe of the pituitary gland, responsible for the release of oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also called vasopressin. ( 3. The portion of the pituitary gland that is derived from the embryonic brain, is composed of the infundibulum and neural lobe, and is concerned with the secretion of various hormones. ( 4. The posterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature. ( Syn: posterior pituitary, posterior pituitary gland, pars...

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