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/ˈlatərəl/  /ˈlatrəl/ Adjective 1. Of, at, toward, or from the side or sides. (Google Dictionary) 2. Situated on one side or other of the body or of an organ, esp. in the region furthest from the median plane. (Google Dictionary) 3. (Pathology) Affecting the side or sides of the body, or confined to one side of the body. (Google Dictionary) 4. Acting or placed at right angles to the line of motion or of strain. (Google Dictionary) 5. (of a consonant, esp. l, or its articulation) Formed by or involving partial closure of the air passage by the tongue, which is so placed as to allow the breath to flow on one or both sides of the point of contact. (Google Dictionary) 6. (Anatomy) Pertaining to the left or right of the body; further from the midline. (Google Dictionary) Noun, pl. laterals 1. A side part of something, esp. a shoot or branch growing out from the side of a stem. (Google Dictionary) 2. A lateral consonant. (Google Dictionary) 3. A pass thrown either sideways or backward from the position of the passer. (Google Dictionary) Word origin: From Middle French latéral and directly from Latin lateralis “belonging to the side,” from latus (genitive lateris)...

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/ləˈtisəməs/ Noun, pl. latissimi 1. Superlative of adjective Latin latus which means wide. ( 2. Very wide or spacious. (

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Latissimus dorsi

Noun, pl. latissimi dorsi 1. The larger, flat, dorso-lateral muscle on the trunk, posterior to the arm, and partly covered by the trapezius on its median dorsal region. The latissimus dorsi is responsible for extension, adduction, transverse extension also known as horizontal abduction, flexion from an extended position, and (medial) internal rotation of the shoulder joint. It also has a synergistic role in extension and lateral flexion of the lumbar spine. ( 2. Either of the larger, flat, dorso-lateral muscles on the trunk, posterior to the arm, and partly covered by the trapezius on its median dorsal region. ( 3. Origin, spinous processes of lower five or six thoracic and the lumbar vertebrae, median ridge of sacrum, and outer lip of iliac crest; insertion, with teres major into posterior lip of bicipital groove of humerus; action, adducts arm, rotates it medially, and extends it; nerve supply, thoracodorsal. ( Syn: commonly referred to as “lats” (esp. among body builders) Word origin: From Latin lātissimus (“widest, broadest”), superlative oflātus (“wide, broad”), + dorsī, genitive of dorsum (“the...

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