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Herbivore

/ˈ(h)ərbəˌvôr/ Noun, pl. herbivores 1. An organism anatomically and physiologically adapted to plant material, for example foliage, as the main component of its diet. (wikipedia.org) 2. Any animal that eats only vegetation (i.e. that eats no meat). (wiktionary.org) 3. An animal that consumes herbaceous vegetation. Any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants; animals that consume plant material as a source of obtaining energy. (biology-online.org) Word origin: From Modern Latin herbivora (1830) or French herbivore (1748), from Latin herbivorus, from herba “a herb” + vorare “devour,...

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Heredity

Noun, pl. heredities 1. The passing of traits to offspring from its parents or ancestor. This is the process by which an offspring cell or organism acquires or becomes predisposed to the characteristics of its parent cell or organism. Through heredity, variations exhibited by individuals can accumulate and cause some species to evolve. (wikipedia.org) 2. Hereditary transmission of the physical and genetic qualities of parents to their offspring; the biological law by which living beings tend to repeat their characteristics in their descendants. (wiktionary.org) 3. A person’s ancestry. (Google Dictionary) Word origin: From Middle French hérédité (12c.), from Latin hereditatem (nominative hereditas) “heirship, inheritance, condition of being an heir,” from heres (genitive heredis) “heir, heiress,” from PIE root *ghe- “to be empty, left...

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Hering’s nerve

The branch of glossopharyngeal nerve to the carotid sinus which is a small nerve in the neck, that innervate the carotid sinus and the carotid body. It branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve, runs downwards anterior to the internal carotid artery. It communicates with the vagus nerve and sympathetic then divides in the angle of bifurcation of the common carotid artery to supply the carotid body and carotid sinus. It carries impulses from the baroreceptors in the carotid sinus (to help maintain a more consistent blood pressure) and from chemoreceptors in the carotid body....

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Hermaphrodite

/hərˈmafrədīt/  Noun, pl. hermaphrodites 1. An organism that has reproductive organs normally associated with both male and female sexes (wikipedia.org); an organism having both male and female organs, therefore, is capable of producing both male and female gametes. (biology-online.org) 2. One having both male and female sexual characteristics and organs; at birth an unambiguous assignment of male or female cannot be made. (biology-online.org) 3. An individual or organism possessing gender-ambiguous sexual organs, typically including both types of gonads. (wiktionary.org) 4. A person or thing possessing two opposing qualities. (wiktionary.org) 5. A plant having stamens and pistils in the same flower. (Google Dictionary) Adjective 1. Of animal or plant; having both male female reproductive organs. (biology-online.org) 2. Of or denoting a person, animal, or plant of this kind. (Google Dictionary) Word origin: From Latin hermaphroditus, from Greek Hermaphroditos (Latin Hermaphroditus), son of Hermes and Aphrodite, who, in Ovid, was loved by the nymph Salmacis so ardently that she prayed for complete union with him and as a result they were united bodily, combining male and female...

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Herpetology

Noun 1. Science that deals with the study of reptiles and amphibians (biology-online.org) 2. The branch of Zoology concerned with the study of amphibians (including frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and gymnophiona) and reptiles (including snakes, lizards, amphisbaenids, turtles, terrapins, tortoises, crocodilians, and the tuataras). Batrachology is a further subdiscipline of herpetology concerned with the study of amphibians alone. (wikipedia.com)   Word origin: From Ancient Greek ἑρπετόν (herpeton, “reptile”) + –logy (suffix indicating a field of study or...

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