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Globulin

/ˈgläbyəlin/ Noun, pl. globulins 1. A family of globular proteins that have higher molecular weights and water solubility values than the albumins. Some globulins are produced in the liver, while others are made by the immune system. Globulins, albumin, and fibrinogen are the major blood proteins. The normal concentration of globulins in the blood is about 2.6-4.6 g/dL. (wikipedia.org) 2. (Biochemistry) Any of a group of simple proteins, soluble in water only in the presence of salts, that are coagulated by heat; one of the two parts of hæmoglobin. (wiktionary.org) 3. Any of a group of simple proteins soluble in salt solutions and forming a large fraction of blood serum protein. The three principal subsets of globulin are alpha globulin, beta globulin, and gamma globulin, which are distinguished by their respective degrees of electrophoretic mobility (alpha having the greatest and gamma having the least). (Google Dictionary) 4. A family of proteins found in blood and milk and muscle and in plant seed. (wordnetweb.princeton.edu) 5. A simple globular protein which cannot be dissolved in pure water but which can be dissolved if a salt is added to the water. It can also be precipitated out of solution and into a solid with a solution of ammonium sulphate at 50% saturation. (biology-online.org) Word...

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Globus pallidus

Noun 1. A sub-cortical structure of the brain. It is part of the telencephalon, but retains close functional ties with the subthalamus – both of which are part of the extrapyramidal motor system. (wikipedia.org) 2. (Anatomy) the inner part of the lenticular nucleus of the brain. (wiktionary.org) 3. The median portion of the lentiform nucleus—called also pallidum. (merriam-webster.com) Syn: paleostriatum Word Origin: From Latin pallidus “pale, colorless,” from root of pallere” be...

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Glomerulus

/glōˈmeryələs/ Noun, pl. glomeruli 1. A network (tuft) of capillaries that performs the first step of filtering blood in the kidneys. (wikipedia.org) 2. A small intertwined group of capillaries within nephrons of the kidney that filter the blood to make urine. (wiktionary.org) 3. Any of several other similar intertwined masses of things. (wiktionary.org) 4. A small intertwined group of capillaries in the malpighian body; glomeruli filter blood during urine formation. A closely knitted structure of capillaries found in vertebrate kidneys that is responsible for filtering the blood, by reabsorbing useful materials and excreting waste materials from the bloodstream and excretory organs. (biology-online.org) Word origin: From Latin glomerare “to roll up,” from glomus “a ball of thread” (cf....

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