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/jinˈjīvə/  /ˈjinjəvə/ Noun, pl. gingivas 1. Part of the soft tissue lining of the mouth. They surround the teeth and provide a seal around them. Compared with the soft tissue linings of the lips and cheeks, most of the gingiva are tightly bound to the underlying bone which helps resist the friction of food passing over them. ( 2. The gum, consisting of the tissue surrounding the roots of the teeth and covering the jawbone. ( 3. The tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth. ( 4. The gum. (Google Dictionary) Word origin: From Latin gingiva “gums” (of unknown origin) + -al, suffix forming adjectives from nouns or other adjectives, “of, like, related to,” Middle English -al, -el, from French or directly from Latin...

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/ˈgərdl/ Noun, pl. girdles 1. Either of two sets of bones encircling the body, to which the limbs are attached. (Google Dictionary) 2. A ring around a tree made by removing bark. (Google Dictionary) Verb 1. Encircle (the body) with or as a girdle or belt. (Google Dictionary) 2. Surround; encircle. (Google Dictionary) 3. Cut through the bark all the way around (a tree or branch), typically in order to kill it or to kill a branch to make the tree more fruitful (Google Dictionary); to kill a tree by severing or removing the living layer of the tree (the phloem) in a ring around its trunk. ( Word origin: Old English gyrdel “belt, sash, cord about the waist,” common Germanic; related to Old English gyrdan “to...

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