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Epiglottis

/ˌepiˈglätəs/ Noun, pl. epiglottises or epiglottides 1. A flap that is made of elastic cartilage tissue covered with a mucous membrane, attached to the entrance of the larynx. It projects obliquely upwards behind the tongue and the hyoid bone, pointing dorsally. (wikipedia.org) 2. A cartilaginous organ in the throat of terrestrial vertebrates covering the glottis when swallowing to prevent food and liquid from entering the trachea, and in Homo sapiens also a speech organ. (wiktionary.org) 3. A cartilaginous lid like appendage which closes the glottis while food or drink is passing while food or drink is passing through the pharynx. (biology-online.org) Word origin: From Late Latin epiglottis, from Greek epiglottis, literally “(that which is) upon the tongue,” from epi “on” (see epi-) + glottis, from glotta, variant of glossa “tongue” (see gloss (n.2)). An earlier form was epiglote (c.1400), from Old French...

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Epiphysis

/əˈpifəsis/ Noun, pl. epiphyses 1. The rounded end of a long bone, at its joint with adjacent bone(s). The epiphysis is filled with red bone marrow, which produces erythrocytes (red blood cells). (wikipedia.org) 2. A part of a long bone where bone growth occurs from. (biology-online.org) 3. The end of a long bone; initially separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage that eventually ossifies so the parts become fused. (wordnetweb.princeton.edu) 3. The pineal gland. (wiktionary.org) 4. A small endocrine gland in the brain; situated beneath the back part of the corpus callosum; secretes melatonin....

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Epiploic

Adjective 1. Pertaining to the omentum. (wiktionary.org) Word origin: Greek epiploon = a net, which the greater omentum resembles with fat entangled in it.

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Epithelium

/ˌepəˈTHēlēəm/ Noun, pl. epithelia 1. One of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue. Epithelial tissues line the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the body, and also form many glands. Functions of epithelial cells include secretion, selective absorption, protection, transcellular transport and detection of sensation. (wikipedia.org) 2. A membranous tissue composed of one or more layers of cells which forms the covering of most internal and external surfaces of the body and its organs: internally including the lining of vessels and other small cavities, and externally being the skin. (wiktionary.org) 3. The thin tissue forming the outer layer of a body’s surface and lining the alimentary canal and other hollow structures. (Google Dictionary) 4. More specifically, the part of this derived from embryonic ectoderm and endoderm, as distinct from endothelium and mesothelium. (Google Dictionary) Syn: Epithelial tissue Word origin: Modern Latin epithēlium, from Ancient Greek ἐπί (epi, “on, atop, epi-”) + θηλή (thēlē,...

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