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/ˈbræntʃ/ Noun 1. A woody structural member connected to but not part of the central trunk of a tree (or sometimes a shrub). 2. A natural division of the stem of a large woody plant, especially a stem growing from the trunk or another stem of a tree or from the main or a secondary stem of a shrub....

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/brēT͟H/ Verb 1. Take air into the lungs and then expel it, esp. as a regular physiological process: “she was wheezing as she breathed”. (Google Dictionary) 2. Be or seem to be alive because of this: “at least I’m still breathing”. (Google Dictionary) Syn: respire, inhale Word Origin: From Middle English brethen (“to breathe, blow, exhale, odour”), from breth (“breath”). More at...

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Broca’s area

/ˈbrōkəz/ Noun 1. (Anatomy) An area of the frontal lobe of the brain associated with the control of speech. ( 2. A region of the brain concerned with the production of speech, located in the cortex of the dominant frontal lobe. (Google Dictionary) 3. A region of the hominid brain with functions linked to speech production....

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Brunner’s glands

Noun 1. Are compound tubular submucosal glands found in that portion of the duodenum which is above the hepatopancreatic sphincter (Sphincter of Oddi). The main function of these glands is to produce a mucus-rich alkaline secretion (containing bicarbonate) in order to: protect the duodenum from the acidic content of chyme (which is introduced into the duodenum from the stomach); provide an alkaline condition for the intestinal enzymes to be active, thus enabling absorption to take place; lubricate the intestinal walls. They also secrete urogastrone, which inhibits parietal and chief cells of the stomach from secreting acid and their digestive enzymes. This is another form of protection for the duodenum. They are the distinguishing feature of the duodenum. ( Syn: duodenal...

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