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Chromosome


/ˈkrōməˌsōm/

Noun, pl. chromosomes

1. A structure within the cell that bears the genetic material as a threadlike linear strand of DNA bonded to various proteins in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, or as a circular strand of DNA (or RNA in some viruses) in the cytoplasm of prokaryotes and in the mitochondrion and chloroplast of certain eukaryotes. (biology-online.org)

2. A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes. (Google Dictionary)

3. (Biology, Cytology)
A structure in the cell nucleus that contains DNA, histone protein, and other structural proteins. (wiktionary.org)

Word origin: 19th century: from German Chromosom, ultimately from Ancient Greek χρῶμα (khroma, “colour”) + σῶμα (“body”) (because they are stained under the microscope).


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