1. Branch of Biology that deals with the study of producing crops from the land, with an emphasis on practical applications.
2. The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products. (wikipedia.org)
Syn: farming or husbandry.
Word origin: from Latin agricultūra, from ager (a field); and cultūra (cultivation) in the strict sense of “tillage of the soil”