Search results: neuron

Neuron

Noun, pl. neurons 1. An electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals. A chemical signal occurs via a synapse, a specialized connection with other cells. Neurons connect to each other to form neural networks. Neurons are the core components of the nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, […]

The Neuron – Internal Structure

Now that we’ve covered the external structure of the coolest cell in the body–the neuron(!), let’s look at it’s internal structure. Smaller Structures Inside The Neuron Like most cells, the neuron contains: 1. A nucleus - that contains the chromatin and the genetic make-up of the organism. The nucleus is generally located in the soma of the cell. […]